The flower that is traditionally “interrogated” about love matters is also one of the first flowers to herald the arrival of spring.  It grows spontaneously in any type of soil, but you can also grow it in pots by following the instructions given in the article.

 

There are many curiosities to know about the  daisy , the flower that more than any other, considering its spontaneous growth in almost all types of soil, heralds the arrival of spring , but to be more precise, it is not a true and just a flower, but rather a set of many small flowers.

The yellow part of the flower, called “flower head”, is in fact made up of many small tube-shaped flowers:  on the other hand, the daisy belongs to the Asteraceae, or Composite, family , that is to say species which do not have a single flower on the stem, but an inflorescence of small flowers which, moreover, by attracting various insects, favor pollination .

The daisy is also full of meaning and it cannot be forgotten that it is also the only flower used for the very famous gesture of “He loves me, he doesn’t love me”. To research the meaning of this gesture we need to take a step back in time, and go back to the Middle Ages when the daisy was used by young women in accepting the declaration of a suitor, if used to decorate the coat of arms of the latter. Otherwise, if the daisies were placed on the woman’s head, it meant that she had doubts about the declaration received.

This gesture seems to have originated from  Margaret of Provence’s habit of considering the flower as a sort of oracle, to which she herself asked questions if she had a sentimental doubt. Her brother would have given her the flower, with the aim of allowing her to know something about the fate of her husband Louis IX of France , prisoner by the Saracens. According to legend , Margaret questioned the daisies until her husband returned and at that point the woman showed her husband all the petals collected during her absence, to demonstrate her devotion. The king was so impressed that he decided to add three silver daisies to the house banner.

How to grow daisy

Description

In all likelihood, the daisy is the flower that appears most frequently in children’s drawings, the most representative of the category, and for this reason, also the best known. Its stem is erect, with a slender and sinuous appearance, the leaves are rather sparse, while the “flower head” is yellow in color and has many white petals joined together.

Variety

It is a perennial plant , and can belong to two different genera of the same Asteraceae family : the Leucanthemum genus which includes Leucanthemum vulgare , the classic daisy, and Leucanthemum atratum whose flowers do not exceed 30 cm in height, and the Bellis genus , in which the perennial Bellis stands out , i.e. the so-called “pratolina” or meadow daisy , with smaller rosette leaves and a more creeping habit.

Cultivation and care

Exposure

Without a doubt, full exposure to the sun favors the cultivation of this spring flower. The daisy , however, can be planted in partial shade, without this exposure hindering the development of the plant.

Soil and manure

To cultivate the daisy, any type of soil is valid even if, in some cases, it may be more appropriate to use a slightly calcareous soil. A rule to follow is to ensure that the soil is always kept moist and well drained.

As far as fertilization is concerned , an organic product is advisable, or possibly, in early spring, a slow release granular fertilizer with a high potassium content.

Watering

The daisy needs to be watered quite frequently: three or four weekly waterings in spring, then watering daily in summer, especially on the hottest days. During the period of vegetative rest, it is better not to water too much: once every two weeks is more than enough.

Before watering the daisy, check whether the plant actually needs water: if the soil is dry, you can proceed, otherwise if it is still moist to the touch, wait to water the plant.

Pruning

The daisy does not need to be pruned, so it is sufficient to remove only the decayed parts.

Diseases and parasites

The daisy is a very resistant plant, but there are some differences between one genus and another: the Bellis genus , as a rule, does not fear diseases and parasites, while the Leucanthemum genus may fear aphids or snails.

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